A comprehensive look at the most widely employed carbon-based electrode materials and the numerous electroanalytical applications associated with them. A valuable reference for the emerging age of carbon-based electronics and electrochemistry, this book discusses diverse applications for nanocarbon materials in electrochemical sensing. It highlights the advantages and disadvantages of the different nanocarbon materials currently used for electroanalysis, covering the electrochemical sensing of small-sized molecules, such as metal ions and endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), as well as large biomolecules such as DNA, RNA, enzymes and proteins. A comprehensive look at state-of-the-art applications for nanocarbon materials in electrochemical sensors Emphasizes the relationship between the carbon structures and surface chemistry, and electrochemical performance Covers a wide array of carbon nanomaterials, including nanocarbon films, carbon nanofibers, graphene, diamond nanostructures, and carbon-dots Edited by internationally renowned experts in the field with contributions from researchers at the cutting edge of nanocarbon electroanalysis Nanocarbons for Electroanalysis is a valuable working resource for all chemists and materials scientists working on carbon based-nanomaterials and electrochemical sensors. It also belongs on the reference shelves of academic researchers and industrial scientists in the fields of nanochemistry and nanomaterials, materials chemistry, material science, electrochemistry, analytical chemistry, physical chemistry, and biochemistry.
Pancreatic Cancer, Cystic Neoplasms and Endocrine Tumors: Diagnosis and Management is a modern, expertly crafted and clinically focused guide to the diagnosis, management and best-practice care of patients suffering from pancreatic cancer, cystic neoplasms and endocrine tumours. Packed with outstanding figures and with reference to the leading society guidelines, its main focus is on the many endoscopic and radiologic diagnostic techniques, medical and surgical management of both full-blown cancer and other tumors, and the risks of each form of treatment. Also covered in detail are issues of tumor recurrence and long-term outcome of treatment. Brought to you by highly skilled national and international leaders in the specialty and an experienced editor team, this is an invaluable guide to practicing gastroenterologists and surgeons in the hospital and clinical environment, as well as oncologists and endocrinologists managing patients with pancreatic tumorous lesions.
Learn how to effectively interpret, select and optimize reactors for complex reactive systems, using Attainable Region theory Teaches how to effectively interpret, select and optimize reactors for complex reactive systems, using Attainable Region (AR) theory Written by co-founders and experienced practitioners of the theory Covers both the fundamentals of AR theory for readers new to the field, as we all as advanced AR topics for more advanced practitioners for understanding and improving realistic reactor systems Includes over 200 illustrations and 70 worked examples explaining how AR theory can be applied to complex reactor networks, making it ideal for instructors and self-study Interactive software tools and examples written for the book help to demonstrate the concepts and encourage exploration of the ideas
Earth is the only planet known to have fire. The reason is both simple and profound: fire exists because Earth is the only planet to possess life as we know it. Fire is an expression of life on Earth and an index of life’s history. Few processes are as integral, unique, or ancient. Fire on Earth puts fire in its rightful place as an integral part of the study of geology, biology, human history, physics, and global chemistry. Fire is ubiquitous in various forms throughout Earth, and belongs as part of formal inquiries about our world. In recent years fire literature has multiplied exponentially; dedicated journals exist and half a dozen international conferences are held annually. A host of formal sciences, or programs announcing interdisciplinary intentions, are willing to consider fire. Wildfire also appears routinely in media reporting. This full-colour text, containing over 250 illustrations of fire in all contexts, is designed to provide a synthesis of contemporary thinking; bringing together the most powerful concepts and disciplinary voices to examine, in an international setting, why planetary fire exists, how it works, and why it looks the way it does today. Students, lecturers, researchers and professionals interested in the physical, ecological and historical characteristics of fire will find this book, and accompanying web-based material, essential reading for undergraduate and postgraduate courses in all related disciplines, for general interest and for providing an interdisciplinary foundation for further study. A comprehensive approach to the history, behaviour and ecological effects of fire on earth Timely introduction to this important subject, with relevance for global climate change, biodiversity loss and the evolution of human culture. Provides a foundation for the interdisciplinary field of Fire Research Authored by an international team of leading experts in the field Associated website provides additional resources
How to Teach Using Simulation in Healthcare provides an ideal introduction and easy-to-use guide to simulation in medical education. Written by a team of experienced medical educators, this practical text – packed full of case examples and tips – is underpinned by the theory of simulation in education, and explores how to integrate simulation into teaching. Key topics include: Use of low, medium and high fidelity equipment Issues of simulation mapping and scenario design Role of human factors Formative and summative assessment New social media and technologies Detailed explorations of some examples of simulation. How to Teach Using Simulation in Healthcare is invaluable reading for all healthcare professionals interested and involved in the origins, theoretical underpinnings, and design implications of the use of simulation in medical education.
A comprehensive overview of integrated vehicle system dynamics exploring the fundamentals and new and emerging developments This book provides a comprehensive coverage of vehicle system dynamics and control, particularly in the area of integrated vehicle dynamics control. The book consists of two parts, (1) development of individual vehicle system dynamic model and control methodology; and (2) development of integrated vehicle dynamic model and control methodology. The first part focuses on investigating vehicle system dynamics and control according to the three directions of vehicle motions, including longitudinal, vertical, and lateral. Corresponding individual control systems, e.g. Anti-lock Brake System (ABS), Active Suspension, Electric Power Steering System (EPS), are introduced and developed respectively. Particular attention is paid in the second part of the book to develop integrated vehicle dynamic control system. Integrated vehicle dynamics control system is an advanced system that coordinates all the chassis control systems and components to improve the overall vehicle performance including safety, comfort, and economy. Integrated vehicle dynamics control has been an important research topic in the area of vehicle dynamics and control over the past two decades. The research topic on integrated vehicle dynamics control is investigated comprehensively and intensively in the book through both theoretical analysis and experimental study. In this part, two types of control architectures, i.e. centralized and multi-layer, have been developed and compared to demonstrate their advantages and disadvantages. Integrated vehicle dynamics control is a hot topic in automotive research; this is one of the few books to address both theory and practice of integrated systems Comprehensively explores the research area of integrated vehicle dynamics and control through both theoretical analysis and experimental study Addresses a full range of vehicle system topics including tyre dynamics, chassis systems, control architecture, 4 wheel steering system and design of control systems using Linear Matrix Inequality (LMI) Method
Smoking Geographies provides a research-led assessment of the impact of geographical factors on smoking. The contributors uncover how geography can show us not only why people smoke but also broader issues of tobacco control, providing deeper clarity on how smoking and tobacco is ‘governed’. The text centres on one of the most important public health issues worldwide, and a major determinant of preventable mortality and morbidity in developed and developing countries Records the outcomes of a long-term research collaboration that brings a geographical lens to smoking behaviour Uncovers how geography can play a part in understanding not only why people smoke but also broader issues of tobacco control Provides a deeper understanding of how smoking and tobacco is ‘governed’, regarding where people may smoke, but also more subtle governance as a climate is produced in which smoking becomes ‘denormalised’ Brings both quantitative and qualitative perspectives to bear on this major source of mortality and morbidity
Intelligence is defined by the ability to optimize, manage and reconcile the currents of physical, economic and even social flows. The strong constraint of immediacy proves to be an opportunity to imagine, propose and deliver solutions on the common basis of optimization techniques. Metaheuristics for Intelligent Electrical Networks analyzes the use of metaheuristics through independent applications but united by the same methodology.
Improve your dermatological diagnostic accuracy. The most efficient method in the diagnosis of skin diseases is the combined validation of clinical and histopathological features. The results of biopsy investigation in isolation don’t always yield answers. But when considered together, the clinical pattern and the histopathology, then diagnosis can become clearer. In this process the diagnostic impact of histopathology may be decisive or just confirmative to the clinical differential diagnosis. The structure of the book follows a basic approach to morphology, which is overall orientation at scanning magnification first, then identifying a prototypic pattern, and finally finding the essential diagnostic clue(s) under high power magnification. Dermatopathology: Practical Differential Diagnosis by Clinicopathologic Pattern provides top quality images to correlate clinical presentations with histopathologic features. Annotated images highlight subtle indications that can clinch the diagnosis. Concise, bullet-pointed text provides further context. Written by internationally renowned authors, the book is ideal for anyone involved in the diagnosis of skin disease.
Microstructural Geochronology Geochronology techniques enable the study of geological evolution and environmental change over time. This volume integrates two aspects of geochronology: one based on classical methods of orientation and spatial patterns, and the other on ratios of radioactive isotopes and their decay products. The chapters illustrate how material science techniques are taking this field to the atomic scale, enabling us to image the chemical and structural record of mineral lattice growth and deformation, and sometimes the patterns of radioactive parent and daughter atoms themselves, to generate a microstructural geochronology from some of the most resilient materials in the solar system. First compilation of research focusing on the crystal structure, material properties, and chemical zoning of the geochronology mineral archive down to nanoscale Novel comparisons of mineral time archives from different rocky planets and asteroids and their shock metamorphic histories Fundamentals on how to reconstruct and date radiogenic isotope distributions using atom probe tomography Microstructural Geochronology will be a valuable resource for graduate students, academics, and researchers in the fields of petrology, geochronology, mineralogy, geochemistry, planetary geology, astrobiology, chemistry, and material science. It will also appeal to philosophers and historians of science from other disciplines.