Rapid industrialization and urbanization associated with the environment changes calls for reduced pollution and thereby least use of fossil fuels. Biofuel cells are bioenergy resources and biocompatible alternatives to conventional fuel cells. Biofuel cells are one of the new sustainable renewable energy sources that are based on the direct conversion of chemical matters to electricity with the aid of microorganisms or enzymes as biocatalysts. The gradual depletion of fossil fuels, increasing energy needs, and the pressing problem of environmental pollution have stimulated a wide range of research and development efforts for renewable and environmentally friendly energy. Energy generation from biomass resources by employing biofuel cells is crucial for sustainable development. Biofuel cells have attracted considerable attention as micro- or even nano-power sources for implantable biomedical devices, such as cardiac pacemakers, implantable self-powered sensors, and biosensors for monitoring physiological parameters. This book covers the most recent developments and offers a detailed overview of fundamentals, principles, mechanisms, properties, optimizing parameters, analytical characterization tools, various types of biofuel cells, all-category of materials, catalysts, engineering architectures, implantable biofuel cells, applications and novel innovations and challenges in this sector. This book is a reference guide for anyone working in the areas of energy and the environment.
What does a feminist urban theory look like for the twenty first century? This book puts knowledges of feminist urban scholars, feminist scholars of social reproduction, and other urban theorists into conversation to propose an approach to the urban that recognises social reproduction both as foundational to urban transformations and as a methodological entry-point for urban studies. Offers an approach feminist urban theory that remains intentionally cautious of universal uses of social reproduction theory, instead focusing analytical attention on historical contingency and social difference Eleven chapters that collectively address distinct elements of the contemporary crisis in social reproduction and the urban through the lenses of infrastructure and subjectivity formation as well as through feminist efforts to decolonize urban knowledge production Deepens understandings of how people shape and reshape the spatial forms of their everyday lives, furthering understandings of the 'infinite variety' of the urban Essential reading for academics, researchers and scholars within urban studies, human geography, gender and sexuality studies, and sociology
Interpretation Basics of Cone Beam Computed Tomography, Second Edition is a practical identification guide for interpreting CBCT findings in dental practice. Offering multiple high-quality images for each example provided, this easy-to-use guide is designed for those new to CBCT scans as well as more experienced practitioners in need of a reference tool of normal anatomy, common anatomical variants, and incidental findings. Extensively revised throughout, the Second Edition features a brand-new chapter on findings of the maxilla and mandible, and additional incidental findings and common anatomical variants. Every chapter in the book now includes sections covering anatomic variations, developmental anomalies, pathosis, and other considerations. All information has been carefully reviewed and updated to incorporate recent research in the field and reflect newer guidelines from various specialty organizations. This new edition: Enables rapid reference to common CBCT findings, with multiple images for each finding Features a streamlined framework that makes relevant information easier to find and apply in dental practice Offers hundreds of new images to aid in correctly identifying findings Contains new and updated content, including expanded coverage of CBCT and implants Provides sample reports and explains how they are used in day-to-day clinical practice Interpretation Basics of Cone Beam Computed Tomography, Second Edition remains a must-have resource for all dental practitioner and specialists who use CBCT, dental students in radiology interpretation courses, and residents beginning to use CBCT in their specialty.
Explore how the peoples of America understood and changed their natural environments, remaking their politics, culture, and societies In this newly revised Second Edition of American Environmental History, celebrated environmental historian and author Louis S. Warren provides readers with insightful examination of how different American peoples created and reacted to environmental change and threats from the era before Columbus to the COVID-19 pandemic. You'll find concise editorial introductions to each chapter and interpretive interventions throughout this meticulous collection of essays and historical documents. This book covers topics as varied as Native American relations with nature, colonial invasions, American slavery, market expansion and species destruction, urbanization, Progressive and New Deal conservation, national parks, the environmental impact of consumer appetites, environmentalism and the backlash against it, environmental justice, and climate change. This new edition includes twice as many primary documents as the First Edition, along with findings from related fields such as Native American history, African American history, geography, and environmental justice. Ideal for students and researchers studying American environmental history and for those seeking historical perspectives on contemporary environmental challenges, this book will earn a place in the libraries of anyone with an interest in American history and the impact of American peoples on the environment and the world around them. Louis S. Warren is the W. Turrentine Jackson Professor of Western U.S. History at the University of California, Davis. He is a two-time winner of the Caughey Western History Association Prize, a Guggenheim Fellow, and recipient of the Albert Beveridge Award of the American Historical Association and the Bancroft Prize in American History.
Discover what lies beyond the bleeding-edge of autonomous airborne networks with this authoritative new resource Autonomous Airborne Wireless Networks delivers an insightful exploration of recent advances in the theory and practice of using airborne wireless networks to provide emergency communications, coverage and capacity expansion, information dissemination, and more. The distinguished engineers and editors have selected resources that cover the fundamentals of airborne networks, including channel models, recent regulation developments, self-organized networking, AI-enabled flying networks, and notable applications in a variety of industries. The book evaluates advances in the cutting-edge of unmanned aerial vehicle wireless network technology while offering readers new ideas on how airborne wireless networks can support various applications expected of future networks. The rapidly developing field is examined from a fresh perspective, one not just concerned with ideas of control, trajectory optimization, and navigation. Autonomous Airborne Wireless Networks considers several potential use cases for the technology and demonstrates how it can be integrated with concepts from self-organized network technology and artificial intelligence to deliver results in those cases. Readers will also enjoy: A thorough discussion of distributed drone base station positioning for emergency cellular networks using reinforcement learning (AI-enabled trajectory optimization) An exploration of unmanned aerial vehicle-to-wearables (UAV2W) indoor radio propagation channel measurements and modelling An up-to-date treatment of energy minimization in UAV trajectory design for delay tolerant emergency communication Examinations of cache-enabled UAVs, 3D MIMO for airborne networks, and airborne networks for Internet of Things communications Perfect for telecom engineers and industry professionals working on identifying practical and efficient concepts tailored to overcome challenges facing unmanned aerial vehicles providing wireless communications, Autonomous Airborne Wireless Networks also has a place on the bookshelves of stakeholders, regulators, and research agencies working on the latest developments in UAV communications.