Литературный реализм создал не просто новый подход к искусству, но и умение работать не только с отдельными редкостями, а с образами и впечатлениями искусства, усматривая в искусстве все грани действительности. Оноре де Бальзак (1799–1850) решительно порвал с прежней эстетикой, видевшей в искусстве предмет любования и подражания, и раскрыл в искусстве опыты воображения и проницательного социального мышления. Разделение формы и содержания, произведенное Бальзаком, оказалось плодотворным для понимания миссии художника во всем драматизме карьеры. В настоящее издание включены высказывания Бальзака об искусстве, как опубликованные в виде отдельных статей, так и извлеченные из его романов. В предисловии профессора РГГУ Александра Маркова раскрываются философские и биографические предпосылки эстетики Бальзака. © Storysidе
В книге «По следам Франкенштейна и другие ужасные истории» собраны самые страшные, самые жуткие произведения мировой классики в свободном пересказе известной сказочницы Софьи Прокофьевой. Это «Франкенштейн» по роману М. Шелли, «Портрет Дориана Грея» по роману О. Уайльда, «Странная история доктора Джекила и мистера Хайда» по роману Р. Стивенсона и другие. Эта книга для ребят, которые любят страшные истории! Для среднего и старшего школьного возраста.
Listed by the British newspaper «The Guardian» as number 12 on a list of the 100 greatest novels of all-time, Honore de Balzac's «The Black Sheep» is another installment in his magnum opus «The Human Comedy.» Agathe Rouget, who is born in Issoudun, is sent to be raised by her maternal relatives, the Descoings in Paris by her father Doctor Rouget. Agathe has two sons, Philippe and Joseph, with which the story is principally concerned. Philippe becomes a soldier in Napoleon's armies, while Joseph becomes an artist. Philippe, who is ironically his mother's favorite, is a hard drinker with a gambling problem that brings trouble to the family. The differences between the two brothers are brilliantly contrasted by Balzac as their true natures are revealed throughout the course of the work. As in the rest of «The Human Comedy» Balzac criticizes the value that is placed on wealth and beautifully illustrates the conflict that arises out of the ambition to achieve a place in the aristocratic society of France.
Originally published between 1838-1847 «A Harlot High and Low» continues the story of Lucien de Rubempré from Honore de Balzac's preceding novel «Lost Illusions.» Central to the tale is the pact made between Lucien and Vautrin in which Lucien will arrive at success in Paris if he agrees to follow Vautrin's instructions on how to do so. A love affair between the beautiful Esther van Gobseck and Lucien creates a conflict for their plans of bringing Lucien to his desired exaltation though. When Vautrin realizes that wealthy Baron de Nucingen has fallen in love with Esther he conspires to use the Baron's affection with Esther to help advance Lucien. What follows is a series of tragic consequences. Another chapter in Balzac's magnum opus, «The Human Comedy,» «A Harlot High and Low» is at once a biting commentary of French aristocratic society and examination of the criminal underworld in which Vautrin is so very well at home.
"The Wild Ass's Skin" is Honoré de Balzac's 1831 novel that tells the story of a young man, Raphaël de Valentin, who discovers a piece of shagreen, in this case a rough untanned piece of a wild ass's skin, which has the magical property of granting wishes. However the fulfillment of the wisher's desire comes at a cost, after each wish the skin shrinks a little bit and consumes the physical energy of the wisher. «The Wild Ass's Skin» is at once both a work of incredible realism, in the descriptions of Parisian life and culture at the time, and also a work of supernatural fantasy, in the desires that are fulfilled by the wild ass's skin. Balzac uses this fantastical device masterfully to depict the complexity of the human nature in civilized society.
Perhaps the most famous of Balzac's novels, «Lost Illusions» paints a faithful picture of the spectacular but superficial world of contemporary society, and the indissoluble relationship between the bourgeois and aristocratic classes. Set in nineteenth century France, David Séchard is an innovative, hard-working young printer from Angoulême with aspirations to revolutionize the production of paper and provide for his new family. The victim of a callous father and unscrupulous competitors, David finds himself in constant turmoil from the reckless exploits of his friend and brother-in-law, Lucien Chardon. Lucien, a vain and naïve young poet, is drawn away to Paris as a result of a scandalous affair, where his impetuous actions wreak havoc for many back home. Follow the intertwined stories of these two men in a novel that exemplifies the eternal battles of love, ambition, greed, loyalty, vanity, and betrayal.
"Cousin Bette" by Honore de Balzac is generally considered to be the writer's most famous novels, his last great work before his death. It is a classic novel of revenge, passion, and vices. Along with her friend Valérie, the title character Bette strategizes for the overwhelming destruction of men in general and her cousin-in-law Baron Hector Hulot specifically. Hulot sacrifices his family and fortune on a series of extramarital seductions, and when he becomes interested in Valérie, she and Bette concoct a plan that will cost the Hulot family their happiness. Bette's actions lead her entire family to self-destruct due to her insatiable rage and manipulative tactics. Balancing the immoral characters is the virtuous Adeline, Hulot's wife. Her moral nature and forgiving personality give the dysfunctional family a touch of decency. The story examines the typical moralistic themes that are mirrored in Balzac's earlier works. Also present are Balzac's uncensored opinions and depictions of society, contrasted with the stereotypes of men and women during the high points of French culture during the 19th century. Critics also praise the novel for its realism and use of historical content and accuracy. Some even consider it the original naturalist text, saying that the society and environment has a direct effect in shaping human character.
One of the fathers of Realism was the famed 19th century French writer Honore de Balzac. His works are best known for their shrewd, yet honest, interpretation of real life problems within the social classes of French society. He believed that explaining a character would not inform the reader about the character's personality; however, describing their home, possessions, and other details would tell the reader about the character's true nature. With that in mind, he wanted to mold his characters to be as realistic as possible. He did not rely on outdated tropes and stereotypes. His characters were neither wholly good nor wholly evil. Instead, they were motivated by their own personal interests and believed that they were truly doing the right thing. The most famous set of stories that he wrote are known as «La Comedie Humaine,» or «The Human Comedy.» The tales follow various characters throughout their lives in France. The story «The Unknown Masterpiece» is the tale of a painter looking for a model for his upcoming masterpiece. When the man finally finds a suitable woman to serve as the subject, he completes the painting almost immediately. Yet it is impossible to distinguish whether the painter is a genius or just mad, as the painting is only of a foot amidst a swirl of colors. Readers will be both entertained and informed by this and other tales in this collection of Balzac's stories.