A major influence on the domestic and foreign missionary movement of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, «The Life and Diary of David Brainerd» is Jonathan Edwards’ biography of David Brainerd. David Brainerd was an 18th century colonial American missionary. During the last five years of his lifetime, which was tragically cut short by tuberculosis at the age of twenty-nine, he traveled over three thousand miles on horseback in order to spread the word of the bible to the native peoples of America. Brainerd’s life was one of hardship. Orphaned at the age of fourteen, Brainerd suffered from a deep depression that was at times immobilizing. The tuberculosis that killed him which is believed to have been contracted some seven years earlier while he was a student at Yale was only made worse by the harsh wilderness lifestyle that his missionary work demanded. Jonathan Edwards substantially edited his diary for publication and published it posthumously in 1749; ever since it has been a source of inspiration for Christian missionaries the world over.
A Christian evangelical preacher during the early 1700's, during the First Great Awakening, Jonathan Edwards is considered one of America's most important and original philosophical theologians. His polemic work «Freedom of the Will» refutes the notion that humans have complete free will over the choices they make. Instead, Edwards claims that will is driven by human desire. In Edwards' beliefs, people are sinners at heart. They do not naturally follow God's wish for their future. However, the preacher says that there is a way for humans to «regain» their will; they must wholly believe in God's path for them. Understanding God's plans and accepting them allows someone to choose their own way. They can make a conscious effort to choose the best path for their life. Edwards took his beliefs to heart and followed what he thought was God's plan for his own life and in so doing helped to start a religious revival in America. He also is credited with starting the New Light Calvinist movement, which was comprised of a group of his closest followers and ministers. To this day his work continues to be admired and commemorated by countless churches, colleges, writers, and theologians.
A sermon preached by Jonathan Edwards to his Enfield, Connecticut, congregation in July 1741, «Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God» is particularly noted for its vivid descriptions of the torments of Hell and mankind's natural depravity. At the same time, it was also an appeal to man's need for salvation and a reminder of the agonies that awaited the unreformed. Coming during the height of the Great Awakening — a period of religious fervor in the first half of the eighteenth century — the homily was at once regarded by many as the greatest ever given on American soil and vehemently attacked by others as puritanical «fire and brimstone.» One thing seems certain: it made a lasting impact on American Christianity.Accompanying this landmark document are sermons by nine other influential Puritans of the sixteenth to eighteenth centuries, among them Thomas Shepard's «The Parable of the Ten Virgins,» Cotton Mather's «An Hortatory and Necessary Address,» John Cotton's «The Way of Life,» as well as sermons by John Winthrop, Increase Mather, Jonathan Mayhew, Thomas Hooker, Peter Bulkeley, and Samuel Willard.Enlightening and thought-provoking, the volume will serve as primary source material in many American history and literature courses.
The famous sermon “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” by Jonathon Edwards was delivered on July 8, 1741 in Enfield, Connecticut and is considered by many to be the most famous sermon ever given in America. It was published soon after and was an immediate commercial success. The sermon is a perfect example of the “fire and brimstone” preaching style that Edwards was well-known for and is an informative insight into the spiritual teachings of the American religious movement known as the “Great Awakening”, that began in 1730. This movement was characterized by a teaching that hell was a real place and great suffering awaited any who were not saved by Christ and continued to sin. Edwards had been invited to preach by the pastor at the church at Enfield, which had largely been untouched by the growing “Great Awakening” movement. The sermon was powerfully delivered and instantly affected the listeners in a profound way. He continued to give the sermon several times and members of the congregation would often yell, cry out, or weep. This powerful sermon has endured the test of time and continues to be read, studied, and treasured to this day.
El pastor Jonathan Edwards, el teólogo más destacado de las Américas, escribió el «Ensayo Sobre los Afectos Religiosos» en tiempo del Primer Gran Despertamiento de las Américas, que también fue conocido en Inglaterra como el Avivamiento Evangélico. Él predicaba una serie de sermones en 1742-1743 tratando el tema de cómo distinguir entre la experiencia religiosa que es verdadera y la que es falsa. El ensayo vino del texto de estos sermones redactados para publicación en 1746, y es redactado y traducido aquí para el español.
¡Qué problemas pudiera haber evitado la Iglesia si los cristianos se hubieran pegado a lo que dicen las Escrituras en cuanto a la experiencia verdadera de la salvación!