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Sustainable Healthcare

Knut Schroeder

Sustainable Healthcare sets out a vision for medical care of high quality, manageable cost and low impact on the planetary systems which sustain us. In tackling the major challenges of our age, such as resource depletion, loss of biodiversity and climate change, health services can play a central role, moving from being part of the problem to becoming part of the solution. Sustainable Healthcare explores questions such as: What is the relevance of sustainability in healthcare? How does climate change threaten human health? How can we create low carbon care pathways? How can healthcare organizations deal better with their waste? How can death and dying become more sustainable? How can we engage ourselves and others with this agenda? Written by an international team combining clinical, educational, practical and policy expertise in sustainability and health, this book provides a synopsis of our current predicaments, and explores some of the emerging solutions. Containing case studies and resources for further information and action, Sustainable Healthcare is a practical guide to making healthcare more sustainable for all healthcare professionals, managers and students. “Once in a while one comes across a book that makes a deep impact. Sustainable Healthcare is such a book and very timely in the context of modern healthcare and developing green policies… The book is clear in ideas of critical thinking, scientific evidence and practical suggestions for transformative action… An additional strength in this book are the summary key papers and reports including key points from the chapters. In addition, there is a comprehensive list of references in each chapter… The authors cut through the jargon and challenge the rhetoric of both fear and denial… The authors give examples of how we can engage with sustainability such as, diet and exercise, prescription management, contraception management and family planning and end of life care… The book provides useful sources, references and key actions for individuals, healthcare organisations and policy making departments.” – A review by Prof Davinder Sandhu, Postgraduate Dean, Health Education South West, Severn Deanery, UK

Biofouling Methods

Sergey Dobretsov

Biofouling Methods provides a “cook book” for both established workers and those new to the field. The methods included in this important new book range from tried and tested techniques to those at the cutting edge, encompassing the full diversity of this multidisciplinary field. The book covers methods for microbial and macrofouling, coatings and biocides, and ranges from methods for fundamental studies to methods relevant for industrial applications. There is an emphasis on answering questions and each chapter provides technical methods and problem-solving hints and tips. Bringing together a wealth of international contributions and edited by three internationally known and respected experts in the subject Biofouling Methods is the essential methodology reference in the field for all those working in the antifouling industry including those involved in formulation of antifouling products such as paints and other coatings. Aquatic biologists, ecologists, environmental scientists and lawyers, marine engineers, aquaculture personnel, chemists, and medical researchers will all find much of interest within this book. All universities and research establishments where these subjects are studied and taught should have copies of this important work on their shelves.

Intelligent Nanomaterials

Ashutosh Tiwari

Intelligent Nanomaterials comprehensively provides up-to-date material of this fascinating field. The last three decades have seen extraordinary advances in the generation of new materials based on both fundamental elements and composites, driven by advances in synthetic chemistry and often drawing inspiration from nature. The concept of an intelligent material envisions additional functionality built into the molecular structure, such that a desirable response occurs under defined conditions. Divided into 4 parts: Inorganic Materials; Organic Materials; Composite Materials; and Biomaterials, the 22 chapters cover the latest research and developments in the processing, properties, and applications of intelligent nanomaterials. Included are molecular device materials, biomimetic materials, hybrid-type functionalized polymers-composite materials, information-and energy-transfer materials, as well as environmentally friendly materials.

Rapid Surgery

George Reese

This pocket reference and revision guide is a must for all medical students and junior doctors preparing for major surgical exams or needing a rapid reminder during a clinical attachment. Thoroughly updated, this new edition has been re-ordered by body systems with key surgical presentations ordered alphabetically within each section for ease of reference. Now with important new topics including bariatric surgery, endovascular techniques, nutrition, SIRS and sepsis, Rapid Surgery presents up-to-date knowledge succinctly for easy and rapid access to information.

Bladder Pathology

Liang Cheng

The human urinary bladder is subject to a unique and extraordinarily diverse array of congenital, inflammatory, metaplastic, and neoplastic abnormalities. This book provides contemporary, comprehensive, and evidence-based practice information for pathologists, urologists, oncologists, and other medical professionals. In Bladder Pathology, a full spectrum of pathologic conditions that afflict the bladder and urothelium are described and lavishly illustrated. With its emphasis on diagnostic criteria and differential diagnoses, this book is of particular value to practicing pathologists—assisting in the pathologist’s recognition, understanding, and accurate interpretation of the light microscopic findings in bladder specimens. Features and benefits of this new volume include: • 1,741 high-quality, color illustrations and 112 tables to illustrate the wide range of pathologic and clinical features in the urinary tract • An evidence-based approach to diagnosis and patient management for infectious, nonneoplastic, and neoplastic conditions • Recent advances in the molecular genetics of the urinary bladder with discussion of their current or potential impact on diagnosis and personalized patient care • With emphasis on the scientific validation of current diagnostic methods and their direct application in clinical practice, Bladder Pathology is a cutting-edge resource that not only offers comprehensive research and clinical information for practicing surgical pathologists, urologists, oncologists, and their clinical colleagues, but also captures a genuine sense of excitement about recent advances in this vital, ever-evolving field.

Antimicrobial Polymers

Amparo Lopez-Rubio

The pioneering guide on the design, processing, and testing of antimicrobial plastic materials and coatings The manifestation of harmful microbes in plastic materials used in medical devices and drugs, water purification systems, hospital equipment, textiles, and food packaging pose alarming health threats to consumers by exposing them to many serious infectious diseases. As a result, high demand for intensifying efforts in the R&D of antimicrobial polymers has placed heavy reliance on both academia and industry to find viable solutions for producing safer plastic materials. To assist researchers and students in this endeavor, Antimicrobial Polymers explores coupling contaminant-deterring biocides and plastics—focusing particular attention on natural biocides and the nanofabrication of biocides. Each chapter is devoted to addressing a key technology employed to impart antimicrobial behavior to polymers, including chemical modification of the polymers themselves. A host of relevant topics, such as regulatory matters, human safety, and environmental risks are covered to help lend depth to the book's vital subject matter. In addition, Antimicrobial Polymers: Discusses the design, processing, and testing of antimicrobial plastic materials Covers interdisciplinary areas of chemistry and microbiology Includes applications in food packaging, medical devices, nanotechnology, and coatings Details regulations from the U.S. (FDA and EPA) and EU as well as human safety and environmental concerns Achieving cleaner and more effective methods for improving the infection-fighting properties of versatile and necessary plastic materials is a goal that stretches across many scientific fields. Antimicrobial Polymers combines all of this information into one volume, exposing readers to preventive strategies that harbor vast potential for making exposure to polymeric products and surfaces a far less risky undertaking in the future.

Optimal Control

Draguna Vrabie

A NEW EDITION OF THE CLASSIC TEXT ON OPTIMAL CONTROL THEORY As a superb introductory text and an indispensable reference, this new edition of Optimal Control will serve the needs of both the professional engineer and the advanced student in mechanical, electrical, and aerospace engineering. Its coverage encompasses all the fundamental topics as well as the major changes that have occurred in recent years. An abundance of computer simulations using MATLAB and relevant Toolboxes is included to give the reader the actual experience of applying the theory to real-world situations. Major topics covered include: Static Optimization Optimal Control of Discrete-Time Systems Optimal Control of Continuous-Time Systems The Tracking Problem and Other LQR Extensions Final-Time-Free and Constrained Input Control Dynamic Programming Optimal Control for Polynomial Systems Output Feedback and Structured Control Robustness and Multivariable Frequency-Domain Techniques Differential Games Reinforcement Learning and Optimal Adaptive Control

Hypercarbon Chemistry

Kenneth Wade

The essential new edition of the book that put hypercarbon chemistry on the map A comprehensive and contemporary treatment of the chemistry of hydrocarbons (alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, and aromatics) towards electrophiles, Hypercarbon Chemistry, Second Edition deals with all major aspects of such chemistry involved in hydrocarbon transformations, and of the structural and reaction chemistry of carboranes, mixed hydrides in which both carbon and boron atoms participate in the polyhedral molecular frameworks. Despite the firmly established tetravalency, carbon can bond simultaneously to five or more other atoms. «Hypercarbon» bonding permeates much organic, inorganic and organometallic chemistry, and the book serves as the compendium for this phenomenon. Copious diagrams illustrate the rich variety of hypercarbon structures now known, and patterns therein. Individual chapters deal with specific categories of compound (e.g. organometallics, carboranes, carbocations) or transformations that proceed through transient hypercarbon species, detailing fundamental chemistry, including reactivity, selectivity, stereochemistry, mechanistic factors and more.

Imaging in Endocrinology

Andrea Lenzi

Imaging in Endocrinology will provide endocrinologists and radiologists of all levels with an outstanding diagnostic imaging atlas to aid them in the diagnosis and management of all the major endocrine diseases they are likely to encounter. In full colour throughout, the 300 high-quality images consist of CT scans, MRI, NMR and histopathology slides, and are arranged by each specific endocrine condition, resulting in a visually outstanding and easily accessible tool that guides the user through exactly what to look out for and provides a practical and extremely useful aid in helping them formulate a diagnosis. Every major endocrine condition is covered in a specific section, including diseases of the thyroid, pituitary, reproductive and adrenal glands, the pancreas, bone metabolism problems, and the various forms of endocrine cancers. Each disease covered will offer a comparison of the normal findings so as to further assist in diagnosis. An accompanying website contains an online slide-atlas of all the figures in the book, to allow users to download all figures for use in presentations. Led by Paolo Pozzilli, an internationally-recognised expert in this field, the authors have assembled a wonderful collection of images that will be greatly valued by endocrinologists and radiologists alike, ensuring this is the perfect tool to consult when assessing patients with endocrine disease.

Handbook of Urology

Misop Han

Are you a urologist, trainee, or medical student managing patients with conditions like BPH, urinary stones or priapism? Do you require a rapid-reference guide to clinical management? If so, this full colour, practical handbook is the ideal resource, providing rapid-access information on the clinical management of all major urologic disorders and problems likely to be encountered daily. With a strong emphasis on user-friendliness and point-of-care accessibility, sections are divided according to the major areas of urology, with each chapter containing the following features: • case histories • multiple choice questions • key points box • key weblinks box • common errors in diagnosis/treatment boxes An experienced contributor team outlines the skills required to provide appropriate assessment and management of patients; in particular identifying the correct diagnostic and management options for each disorder, and how to perform basic urological procedures safely and effectively. Information corresponds to relevant American Urological Association (AUA) and European Association of Urology (EAU) guidelines for clinical management. Perfect for quick browsing prior to performing a consultation, preparing for ward rounds, or when brushing up for the Boards, Handbook of Urology is the ideal quick-stop manual for urologists of all levels involved in day to day management of patients.