Социология

Различные книги в жанре Социология

Целевые ориентиры государственной национальной политики. Возобновление человеческого ресурса и национальные культуры. Проблема Другого

А. П. Люсый

Книга посвящена междисциплинарному исследованию проблемы определения целевых ориентиров государственной национальной политики в области возобновления человеческого ресурса страны. Смыслообразующим ядром исследования выбрана проблема Другого в многообразии ее аспектов – философско-антропологическом, этнологическом, семиотическом, психологическом и психиатрическом. В работе анализируются разные подходы к определению ориентиров политики в отношении Другого как в области национальных отношений, так и в сфере возобновления человеческого ресурса нации средствами образования и охраны психического здоровья, и их философские основания, изучаются возможности феноменологии для психологического консультирования и психотерапии, способы противодействия стигматизации в качестве Другого, актуальные для психиатрии и клинической психологии, исследуются особенности национального нарратива как многообразия корреспондирующих друг с другом локальных текстов. Книга адресована специалистам в области философии, этнологии, филологии, клинической психологии и психиатрии, а также аспирантам в этих областях и широкому читателю.

Глубокие интервью Сергея Белановского. Том 5. Дедовщина в российской армии

Сергей Александрович Белановский

Глубокое интервью – традиционный метод социологии. Сергей Белановский был первым, кто в СССР стал использовать его в качестве основного. Содержание интервью далеко выходит за рамки тех конкретных задач, которые в свое время послужили толчком к этой работе. Все интервью посвящены совершенно конкретным вопросам – положению дел на производствах, в Госплане, армии, торговле, науке. В этих интервью обретает голос «молчаливое» большинство людей, населявших и населяющих нашу страну. Это те, кто ежедневно ходит работать на завод, в поле, магазин, школу и больницу, служит в армии и полиции.

Лекция «Смена поколения и трансформация семьи»

Екатерина Шульман

На лекции «Смена поколения и трансформация семьи» Екатерины Шульман мы поговорим о поколениях, о том, что это такое, о смене поколений и как это выглядит на нынешнем историческом этапе, о свойствах поколений и о тех изменениях, которые происходят в институте семьи и с ценностями в широком смысле. Социологические исследования показывают, что сегодня молодое поколение (условное поколение Z) считает отношения сверхценностью и к ним нужно подходить с невероятной ответственностью. «Несмотря на развитие культуры „одиночек“, в социологических опросах, как американских, так и российских, молодое поколение (то есть люди до 25 лет) указывает семью как главную ценность. Создание семьи – это важное достижение, оно оценивается выше, чем карьерный успех или зарабатывание денег. Кроме того, молодые люди говорят, как важны для них родители и их оценка. Конфликт поколений сегодня не фиксируется» – считает политолог Екатерина Шульман.

A Companion to Rock Art

McDonald Jo

This unique guide provides an artistic and archaeological journey deep into human history, exploring the petroglyphic and pictographic forms of rock art produced by the earliest humans to contemporary peoples around the world. Summarizes the diversity of views on ancient rock art from leading international scholars Includes new discoveries and research, illustrated with over 160 images (including 30 color plates) from major rock art sites around the world Examines key work of noted authorities (e.g. Lewis-Williams, Conkey, Whitley and Clottes), and outlines new directions for rock art research Is broadly international in scope, identifying rock art from North and South America, Australia, the Pacific, Africa, India, Siberia and Europe Represents new approaches in the archaeological study of rock art, exploring issues that include gender, shamanism, landscape, identity, indigeneity, heritage and tourism, as well as technological and methodological advances in rock art analyses

The Secular State Under Siege. Religion and Politics in Europe and America

Christian Joppke

Throughout human history, religion and politics have entertained the most intimate of connections as systems of authority regulating individuals and society. While the two have come apart through the process of secularization, secularism is challenged today by the return of public religion. This cogent analysis unravels the nature of the connection, disconnection, and attempted reconnection between religion and politics in the West. In a comparison of Western Europe and North America, Christianity and Islam, Joppke advances far-reaching theoretical, historical, and comparative-political arguments. With respect to theory, it is argued that only a “substantive” concept of religion, as pertaining to the existence of supra-human powers, opens up the possibility of a historical-comparative perspective on religion. At the level of history, secularization is shown to be the distinct outcome of Latin Christianity itself. And at the level of comparative politics, the Christian Right in America which has attacked the “wall of separation” between religion and state and Islam in Europe with the controversial insistence on sharia law and other “illiberal” claims from some quarters are taken to be counterpart incarnations of public religion and challenges to the secular state. This clearly argued, sweeping book will provide an invaluable framework for approaching an array of critical issues at the intersection of religion, law and politics for advanced students and researchers across the social sciences and legal studies, as well as for the interested public.

Apocalypse. From Antiquity to the Empire of Modernity

John Hall R.

Winner of the American Sociological Association's 'Distinguished Book Award' in the Religion category. For most of us, «Apocalypse» suggests the cataclysmic end of the world. Yet in Greek «apocalypse» means «revelation,» and the real subject of the Book of Revelation is how the sacred arises in history at a moment of crisis and destiny. With origins in ancient religions, the apocalyptic has been a transformative force from the time of the Crusades, through the Reformation, the French Revolution and modern communism, all the way to the present day «Islamic Jihad» and «War on Terror.» In Apocalypse, John R. Hall explores the significance of apocalyptic movements and the role they have played in the rise of the West and «The Empire of Modernity.» This brilliant cross-disciplinary study offers a novel basis for rethinking our social order and its ambivalent relations to sacred history. Apocalypse will attract general readers seeking new understandings of the world in challenging times. Scholars and students will find a compelling synthesis that draws them into conversation with others interested in religion, theology, culture, philosophy, and phenomenology, as well as sociology, social theory, western civilization, and world history.

Making Knowledge. Explorations of the Indissoluble Relation between Mind, Body and Environment

Trevor H. J. Marchand

Making Knowledge presents the work of leading anthropologists who promote pioneering approaches to understanding the nature and social constitution of human knowledge. The book offers a progressive interdisciplinary approach to the subject and covers a rich and diverse ethnography. Presents cutting-edge research and theory in anthropology Includes many beautiful illustrations throughout The contributions cover a rich and diverse ethnography Offers a progressive interdisciplinary approach to the eternal questions concerning ‘human knowledge’ Contributions by leading scholars in the field who explore a wide range of disciplines through an anthropological perspective

Mysteries and Conspiracies. Detective Stories, Spy Novels and the Making of Modern Societies

Luc Boltanski

The detective story, focused on inquiries, and in its wake the spy novel, built around conspiracies, developed as genres in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. During the same period, psychiatry was inventing paranoia, sociology was devising new forms of causality to explain the social lives of individuals and groups and political science was shifting the problematics of paranoia from the psychic to the social realm and seeking to explain historical events in terms of conspiracy theories. In each instance, social reality was cast into doubt. We owe the project of organizing and unifying this reality for a particular population and territory to the nation-state as it took shape at the end of the nineteenth century. Thus the figure of conspiracy became the focal point for suspicions concerning the exercise of power. Where does power really lie, and who actually holds it? The national authorities that are presumed to be responsible for it, or other agencies acting in the shadows – bankers, anarchists, secret societies, the ruling class? Questions of this kind provided the scaffolding for political ontologies that banked on a doubly distributed reality: an official but superficial reality and its opposite, a deeper, hidden, threatening reality that was unofficial but much more real. Crime fiction and spy fiction, paranoia and sociology – more or less concomitant inventions – had in common a new way of problematizing reality and of working through the contradictions inherit in it. The adventures of the conflict between these two realities – superficial versus real – provide the framework for this highly original book. Through an exploration of the work of the great masters of detective stories and spy novels – G.K. Chesterton, Arthur Conan Doyle, John Le Carré and Graham Greene among others – Boltanski shows that these works of fiction and imagination tell us something fundamental about the nature of modern societies and the modern state.

Maulana Karenga. An Intellectual Portrait

Molefi Asante Kete

In this book, the most prolific contemporary African American scholar and cultural theorist Molefi Kete Asante leads the reader on an informative journey through the mind of Maulana Karenga, one of the key cultural thinkers of our time. Not only is Karenga the creator of Kwanzaa, an extensive and widespread celebratory holiday based on his philosophy of Kawaida, he is an activist-scholar committed to a «dignity-affirming» life for all human beings. Asante examines the sources of Karenga's intellectual preoccupations and demonstrates that Karenga's concerns with the liberation narratives and mythic realities of African people are rooted in the best interests of a collective humanity. The book shows Karenga to be an intellectual giant willing to practice his theories in order to manifest his intense emotional attachment to culture, truth and justice. Asante's enlightening presentation and riveting critique of Karenga's works reveal a compelling account of a thinker whose contributions extend far beyond the Academy. Although Karenga began his career as a student activist, a civil rights leader, a Pan Africanist, and a culturalist, he ultimately succeeds in turning his fierce commitment to truth toward dissecting political, social, and ethical issues. Asante carefully analyzes Karenga's important works on Black Studies, but also his earlier works on culture and his later works on ethics, such as The Husia, and Odu Ifa: The Ethical Teachings.

The World. A Beginner's Guide

Goran Therborn

What is the world of the 21st century like now that the centrality of the West is no longer given? How were the societies and cultures of today's world together with their interconnections forged, and what is driving human society in our times? In short, what is the state of the world today as we enter the second decade of the 21st century? This is the first book which deals with planetary human society as whole. It is a beginner's guide to the world after the West and after globalization, compact, portable, and jargon-free. It is aimed at everybody who, even with experience, has kept a beginner's curiosity of the world, to everybody who does not know everything they want to know about it, about the good, the evil, and the salvation of the world. It lays bare the socio-cultural geology of the world, its major civilizations, its historical waves of globalization, its family-sex-gender systems, and its pathways to modernity. It outlines the dynamics of the world, its basic drives, the contours of its most important global and sub-global processes. It presents the big team players on the world stage, populous as well as rich countries, missions and movements as well corporations and cities. It traces the life-courses of men and women on all the continents, from their birth and childhood to their old age, and their funeral.