Time is a fundamental aspect of human cognition and action. All languages have developed rich means to express various facets of time, such as bare time spans, their position on the time line, or their duration. This volume explores what we know about the neural and cognitive representations of time that speakers can draw on in language. Considers the role time plays as an essential element of human cognition and action, providing important insights to inform and extend current studies of time in language and in language acquisition Examines the main devices used to encode time in natural language, such as lexical elements, tense, and aspect, and draws on the latest psychological and neurobiological findings Addresses a range of issues, including: the relationship between temporal language, culture, and thought; the relationship between verb aspect and mental simulations of events; the development of temporal concepts; time perception; the storage and retrieval of temporal information in autobiographical memory; and neural correlates of tense processing and sequence planning
In a world of rapid technological advancements, it can be easy to forget that writing is the original Information Technology, created to transcend the limitations of human memory and to defy time and space. The Writing Revolution picks apart the development of this communication tool to show how it has conquered the world. Explores how writing has liberated the world, making possible everything from complex bureaucracy, literature, and science, to instruction manuals and love letters Draws on an engaging range of examples, from the first cuneiform clay tablet, Egyptian hieroglyphs, and Japanese syllabaries, to the printing press and the text messaging Weaves together ideas from a number of fields, including history, cultural studies and archaeology, as well as linguistics and literature, to create an interdisciplinary volume Traces the origins of each of the world’s major written traditions, along with their applications, adaptations, and cultural influences
Written by a leading researcher in the field, this fascinating examination of the relations between grammar, text, and discourse is designed to provoke critical discussion on key issues in discourse analysis which are not always clearly identified and examined. Written by a leading researcher in the field Continues the enquiry into discourse analysis that Zellig Harris initiated 50 years ago, which raised a number of problematic issues that have remained unresolved ever since Introduces the notion of pretext as an additional factor in the general interpretative process Focuses attention specifically on the work of critical discourse analysis (CDA) in light of the issues discussed
Thoughts and Utterances is the first sustained investigation of two distinctions which are fundamental to all theories of utterance understanding: the semantics/pragmatics distinction and the distinction between what is explicitly communicated and what is implicitly communicated. Features the first sustained investigation of both the semantics/pragmatics distinction and the distinction between what is explicitly and implicitly communicated in speech.
Learn the tricks-of-the-trade of becoming a great technical communicator Remember when you were an undergraduate and freshman composition seemed so irrelevant to your life? After all, you were going to conquer the world with technological know-how. Your spellcheck software would handle the details. Now that you're a professional – pitching an idea, vying for a contract or grant, or presenting at a meeting – getting your point across effectively suddenly seems pretty essential for success, doesn't it? Fear not. This light-hearted text, brimming with proven techniques, good advice, and real-world examples that you can easily apply to your own case, will turn you into an adept communicator. Written expressly for technologists, this is a simple, concise, and practical guide to the communication dynamics of writing, presentation delivery, and meeting interaction. Herbert Hirsch, in-demand consultant who developed these techniques for his own prolific engineering career, teaches you how to use «scripting» to plan for communication events. More than a mere outline or storyboard, scripting is a powerful technique that assists you in getting the right structure and content, in the proper order. Using scripting, you will master the fundamental principles of communicating: How to grab the reader's or audience's attention from the start How to maintain the connection while proceeding smoothly from topic to topic How to provide the substantiation for the points you made How to communicate with people from other groups, such as marketers, investors, users, and others How to overcome such obstacles as fear, boredom, and aversion to your material Distilling the art of communication to its essence, Essential Communication Strategies empowers you to communicate with confidence and authority in every situation, to every audience.
This book is an introduction to the rudiments of Perl programming. It provides the general reader with an interest in language with the most usable and relevant aspects of Perl for writing programs that deal with language. Exposes the general reader with an interest in language to the most usable and relevant aspects of Perl for writing programs that deal with language. Contains simple examples and exercises that gradually introduce the reader to the essentials of good programming. Assumes no prior programming experience. Accompanied by exercises at the end of each chapter and offers all the code on the companion website: http://www.u.arizona.edu/~hammond
Gendered Talk at Work examines how women and men negotiate their gender identities as well as their professional roles in everyday workplace communication. written accessibly by one of the field’s foremost researchers explores the ways in which gender contributes to the interpretation of meaning in workplace interaction uses original and insightfully analyzed data to focus on the ways in which both women and men draw on gendered discourse resources to enact a range of workplace roles illustrates how a qualitative analysis of workplace discourse can throw light on the many ways in which workplace discourse provides a resource for constructing gender identity as one component of our complex socio-cultural identity
Intercultural Discourse and Communication: The Essential Readings is a collection of articles that discuss major theoretical approaches, case studies of cultural and sub-cultural contact from around the globe, issues of identity in 'bicultural' individuals, and the 'real world' implications of intercultural contact and conflict. Collects articles that describe and analyze discourse and communication in several channels, including spoken, written, and signed. Considers various group organizations such as culture/subculture, gender, race/ethnicity, social class, age, and region. Includes brief introductions to each section by the editors that explain main concepts. Contains discussion questions that enhance the book’s value for courses.