Advanced Material Interfaces is a state-of-the-art look at innovative methodologies and strategies adopted for interfaces and their applications. The 13 chapters are written by eminent researchers not only elaborate complex interfaces fashioned of solids, liquids, and gases, but also ensures cross-disciplinary mixture and blends of physics, chemistry, materials science, engineering and life sciences. Advanced interfaces operate fundamental roles in essentially all integrated devices. It is therefore of the utmost urgency to focus on how newly-discovered fundamental constituents and interfacial progressions can be materialized and used for precise purposes. Interfaces are associated in wide multiplicity of application spectrum from chemical catalysis to drug functions and the advancement is funnelled by fine-tuning of our fundamental understanding of the interface effects.
Pesticide Application Methods is the standard work on the subject for all those involved in crop protection. This fully updated Fourth Edition takes account of the considerable changes in legislation, especially within the European Union, affecting some pesticides and how they can be applied. With greater emphasis now on protecting the environment, an additional chapter in this edition describes the importance of managing treatments to minimise spray drift, and the chapter on applying biopesticides has been updated, with the assistance of Paul Miller and Roy Bateman respectively. Basic information on the role of pesticides in integrated pest management is given with a discussion on the importance of defining the target and choice of spray spectrum to optimise delivery. The range of droplets and types of equipment for different methods of application, including seed treatment, are described with information on safe use and maintenance. Pesticide Application Methods, 4th Edition, provides an essential reference for all those involved in crop protection, including entomologists, plant pathologists, weed scientists and agricultural engineers, whether researchers, consultants or those training in international, government or academic organisations, or the plant science industry. Libraries in all universities and research establishments where agricultural and biological sciences are studied or taught should have copies of this excellent new edition on their shelves.
Ceramic materials are inorganic and non-metallic porcelains, tiles, enamels, cements, glasses and refractory bricks. Today, «ceramics» has gained a wider meaning as a new generation of materials influence on our lives; electronics, computers, communications, aerospace and other industries rely on a number of their uses. In general, advanced ceramic materials include electro-ceramics, optoelectronic-ceramics, superconductive ceramics and the more recent development of piezoelectric and dielectric ceramics. They can be considered for their features including mechanical properties, decorative textures, environmental uses, energy applications, as well as their usage in bio-ceramics, composites, functionally graded materials, intelligent ceramics and so on. Advanced Ceramic Materials brings together a group of subject matter experts who describe innovative methodologies and strategies adopted in the research and development of the advanced ceramic materials. The book is written for readers from diverse backgrounds across chemistry, physics, materials science and engineering, medical science, pharmacy, environmental technology, biotechnology, and biomedical engineering. It offers a comprehensive view of cutting-edge research on ceramic materials and technologies. Divided into 3 parts concerning design, composites and functionality, the topics discussed include: Chemical strategies of epitaxial oxide ceramics nanomaterials Biphasic, triphasic and multiphasic calcium orthophosphates Microwave assisted processing of advanced ceramic composites Continuous fiber reinforced ceramic matrix composites Yytria and magnesia doped alumina ceramic Oxidation induced crack healing SWCNTs vs MWCNTs reinforcement agents Organic and inorganic wastes in clay brick production Functional tantalum oxides Application of silver tin research on hydroxyapatite
This collection presents the papers presented in the symposium on extraction of rare metals as well as rare extraction processing techniques used in metal production. Paper topics include the extraction and processing of elements like antimony, arsenic, calcium, chromium, hafnium, gold, indium, lithium, molybdenum, niobium, rare earth metals, rhenium, scandium, selenium, silver, strontium, tantalum, tellurium, tin, tungsten, vanadium, and zirconium. Rare processing techniques presented include bio leaching, molecular recognition technology, recovery of valuable components of commodity metals such as magnesium from laterite process wastes, titanium from ilmenites, and rare metals from wastes such as phosphors and LCD monitors.
The aim of the book is to educate government agencies, operators, vendors and other regulatory institutions how LTE can be deployed to serve public safety market and offer regulatory / public safety features. It is written in such a way that it can be understood by both technical and non-technical personnel with just introductory knowledge in wireless communication. Some sections and chapters about public safety services offered by LTE network are intended to be understood by anyone with no knowledge in wireless communication.
This book presents the state of the art in the field of mobile and wireless networks, and anticipates the arrival of new standards and architectures. It focuses on wireless networks, starting with small personal area networks and progressing onto the very large cells of wireless regional area networks, via local area networks dominated by WiFi technology, and finally metropolitan networks. After a description of the existing 2G and 3G standards, with LTE being the latest release, LTE-A is addressed, which is the first 4G release, and a first indication of 5G is provided as seen through the standardizing bodies. 4G technology is described in detail along with the different LTE extensions related to the massive arrival of femtocells, the increase to a 1 Gbps capacity, and relay techniques. 5G is also discussed in order to show what can be expected in the near future. The Internet of Things is explained in a specific chapter due to its omnipresence in the literature, ad hoc and mesh networks form another important chapter as they have made a comeback after a long period of near hibernation, and the final chapter discusses a particularly recent topic: Mobile-Edge Computing (MEC) servers.
The book contains the proceedings of the honorary symposium “Advances in the Science and Engineering of Casting Solidification” (TMS2015, Orlando, Florida, March 15-19, 2015) held in honor of Professor Doru Michael Stefanescu, Emeritus Professor, Ohio State University and the University of Alabama, USA. The book encompasses the following four areas: (1) Solidification processing: theoretical and experimental investigations of solidification processes including castings solidification, directional solidification of alloys, electromagnetic stirring, ultrasonic cavitation, mechanical vibration, active cooling and heating, powder bed-electron beam melting additive manufacturing, etc. for processing of metals, polymers and composite materials; (2) Microstructure Evolution: theoretical and experimental studies related to microstructure evolution of materials including prediction of solidification-related defects and particle pushing/engulfment aspects; (3) Novel Casting and Molding Processes: modeling and experimental aspects including high pressure die casting, permanent casting, centrifugal casting, low pressure casting, 3D silica sand mold printing, etc.; and (4) Cast Iron: all aspects related to cast iron characterization, computational and analytical modeling, and processing.
This volume contains 40 papers from the following 10 Materials Science and Technology (MS&T'14) symposia: Rustum Roy Memorial Symposium: Processing and Performance of Materials Using Microwaves, Electric and Magnetic Fields, Ultrasound, Lasers, and Mechanical Work Advances in Dielectric Materials and Electronic Devices Innovative Processing and Synthesis of Ceramics, Glasses and Composites Advances in Ceramic Matrix Composites Sintering and Related Powder Processing Science and Technology Advanced Materials for Harsh Environments Thermal Protection Materials and Systems Advanced Solution Based Processing for Ceramic Materials Controlled Synthesis, Processing, and Applications of Structure and Functional Nanomaterials Surface Protection for Enhanced Materials Performance
This issue contains 31 papers from The American Ceramic Society’s 38th International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites, held in Daytona Beach, Florida, January 26-31, 2014. This issue includes papers presented in the following Symposia and Focused Sessions: Symposium 2 – Advanced Ceramic Coatings for Structural, Environmental, and Functional Applications; Symposium 10 – Virtual Materials (Computational) Design and Ceramic Genome; Symposium 11 – Advanced Materials and Innovative Processing Ideas for the Industrial Root Technology; Symposium 12 – Materials for Extreme Environments: Ultrahigh Temperature Ceramics and Nanolaminated Ternary Carbides and Nitrides; Focused Session 1 – Geopolymers and Chemically Bonded Ceramics; Focused Session 2 – Advanced Ceramic Materials and Processing for Photonics and Energy; Focused Session 3 – Rare Earth Oxides for Energy, Optical and Biomedical Applications, Focused Session 4 – Ion-Transport Membranes; 3rd Global Pacific Rim Engineering Ceramics Summit; and the 3rd Annual Global Young Investigator Forum